Sexta-feira, 1 de Julho de 2005

Linux VS Open Source.

Um comentário ao meu post: LINUX VS MICROSOFT, obriga-me a fazer publicidade ao Olha o Elefante, o título do post é um bocado violento, pelo que deixo apenas o texto:  


“Theo de Raadt, um dos pioneiros em defesa do software livre e fundador de projectos como OpenBSD e OpenSSH, fez umas declarações polémicas á revista Forbes nas quais assegura que «toda a gente está a usar o Linux e ninguém se apercebe do mau que é», acrescentando que os seus partidários o defendem em vez de dizerem: «Isto é lixo e deveríamos arranjá-lo».

Nestas declarações, citadas pelo DiárioTI, De Raadt refere-se de maneira muito dura ao Linux, sistema rival do OpenBDS, do qual ele é um dos principais mentores.

Segundo Theo de Raadt, ao contrário do Linux, «que é um clone do Unix», o Open BSD baseia-se numa variante do Linux chamada Berkeley Software Distribution, relacionado com um dos melhores sistemas operativos do mundo, Solaris de Sun e OS X da Apple.

Raadt assegura que o Linux não aspira a ser um sistema de qualidade, e que o seu desenvolvimento se baseia no ódio à Microsoft.”


A pesquisa, no Google levou-me a um artigo do Daniel Lyons da Forbes, o link está aí. Para quem não se quer chatear a segui-lo, deixo depois o artigo completo.


Is Linux For Losers?

 Daniel Lyons, 06.16.05, 6:00 PM ET


NEW YORK - Theo de Raadt is a pioneer of the open source software movement and a huge proponent of free software. But he is no fan of the open source Linux operating system.


"It's terrible," De Raadt says. "Everyone is using it, and they don't realize how bad it is. And the Linux people will just stick with it and add to it rather than stepping back and saying, this is garbage and we should fix it.'"

De Raadt makes a rival open source operating system called
OpenBSD. Unlike Linux, which is a clone of Unix, OpenBSD is based on an actual Unix variant called Berkeley Software Distribution. BSD powers two of the best operating systems in the world--Solaris from Sun Microsystems (nasdaq: SUNW -news - people ) and OS X from Apple Computer (nasdaq:AAPL -news - people ).

There are three open source flavors of BSD--FreeBSD, NetBSD and OpenBSD, the one De Raadt develops, which is best-known for its security features. In a sort of hacker equivalent of the Ford-versus-Chevy rivalry, BSD guys make fun of Linux on message boards and Web sites, the gist being that BSD guys are a lot like Linux guys, except they have kissed girls.

Sour grapes? Maybe. Linux is immensely more popular than all of the open source BSD versions.

De Raadt says that's partly because Linux gets support from big hardware makers like Hewlett-Packard (nasdaq:
HPQ -news - people ) and IBM (nyse: IBM -news - people ), which he says have turned Linux hackers into an unpaid workforce.

"These companies used to have to pay to develop Unix. They had in-house engineers who wrote new features when customers wanted them. Now they just allow the user community to do their own little hacks and features, trying to get to the same functionality level, and they're just putting pennies into it," De Raadt says.
De Raadt says his crack 60-person team of programmers, working in a tightly focused fashion and starting with a core of tried-and-true Unix, puts out better code than the slapdash Linux movement.

"I think our code quality is higher, just because that's really a big focus for us," De Raadt says. "Linux has never been about quality. There are so many parts of the system that are just these cheap little hacks, and it happens to run." As for Linus Torvalds, who created Linux and oversees development, De Raadt says, "I don't know what his focus is at all anymore, but it isn't quality."

Torvalds, via e-mail, says De Raadt is "difficult" and declined to comment further.

De Raadt blames Linux's development structure, in which thousands of coders feed bits of code to "maintainers," who in turn pass pieces to Torvalds and a handful of top lieutenants.

The involvement of big companies also creates problems, De Raadt says, since companies push their own agendas and end up squabbling--as happened recently when a Red Hat (nasdaq:
RHAT -news - people ) coder published an essay criticizing IBM's Linux programmers.

There's also a difference in motivation. "Linux people do what they do because they hate Microsoft. We do what we do because we love Unix," De Raadt says. The irony, however, is that while noisy Linux fanatics make a great deal out of their hatred for Microsoft (nasdaq:
MSFT -news - people ), De Raadt says their beloved program is starting to look a lot like what Microsoft puts out. "They have the same rapid development cycle, which leads to crap," he says.

De Raadt says BSD could have become the world's most popular open source operating system, except that a lawsuit over BSD scared away developers, who went off to work on Linux and stayed there even after BSD was deemed legal. "It's really very sad," he says. "It is taking a long time for the Linux code base to get where BSD was ten years ago."

Lok Technologies, a San Jose, Calif.-based maker of networking gear, started out using Linux in its equipment but switched to OpenBSD four years ago after company founder Simon Lok, who holds a doctorate in computer science, took a close look at the Linux source code.

"You know what I found? Right in the kernel, in the heart of the operating system, I found a developer's comment that said, 'Does this belong here?' "Lok says "What kind of confidence does that inspire? Right then I knew it was time to switch."

publicado por McClaymore às 13:29
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